SCOPARIA DULCIS L. - BROOMWEED.|
Broomweed, bitterbroom, riceweed, sweetbroom, vassourinha, licoriceweed, sibi wiwiri, ye gan cao.
Scrophulariaceae (Figwort family).
Broomweed (Vassourinha) is a common annual herb in Suriname growing up to 2' in height.
It has opposite serrated leaves and many small white flowers.
Seeds are many and very small in a capsule.
Vassourinha is used against menstrual disorders (stimulates menstruation), dysentery, reduces fever and hypertension.
It has many other applications in herbal medicine in tropical countries: abortifacient, contraceptive, analgesic, diabetes, expectorant, diarrhea, emmenagogue, stomach diseases, mucolytic, depurative and dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation).
Used in Brazilian Folk Medicine to treat bronchitis, gastric disorders, hemorrhoids, insect bites and skin wounds. An extract preparation is used for washing wounds.
Resent research is done on a powerful phytochemical called scopadulcic acid B.
This phytochemical may inhibit the growth of tumors in mice and in a test tube.
Vassourinha could alleviate acute liver injury by increasing the activities of antioxidant enzymes.
In Nigeria, it is used in the management of sickle cell anemia.
In Suriname's Traditional Medicine, a mixture of Scoparia dulcis and Casia alata is used against filariasis and dysentery; it is also used as an aphrodisiac.
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USDA zone 8 A - 11.
Seeds and cuttings.
This plant needs full sun and well drained soil.
Plant in frost free spots or after the danger of frost has past.
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